eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The impact of comorbidities on the severity of atopic dermatitis in children

Vojko Berce
1
,
Teja Marhold
2
,
Vid Delopst
2

1.
Department of Paediatrics, University Medical Centre Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia
2.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2022; XXXIX (4): 697-703
Online publish date: 2021/08/16
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Introduction
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic inflammatory skin disease. It is associated with atopy, impaired skin barrier, skin infections and several other comorbidities. Aim: To identify comorbidities and risk factors that influence the severity of AD in children.

Material and methods
We performed a cross-sectional study involving 52 children newly diagnosed with AD. The severity of AD was assessed with the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) clinical tool. Levels of serum tryptase, zinc, selenium, and immunoglobulins A, G, M and E (IgA, IgG, IgM, and total IgE, respectively) were determined as well as allergen-specific E antibodies (IgE) to the most common allergens. DNA samples from venous blood were screened for the most common mutations in the filaggrin gene.

Results
The median age of patients was 30 months. The median SCORAD index in patients with atopy was 47.8, compared to 27.2 in non-atopic patients (p < 0.01). We also found a significantly higher median SCORAD of 61.2 in patients with low serum IgM levels compared to 34.9 in patients with normal serum IgM levels (p = 0.03). A history of impetigo was also associated with a higher median SCORAD of 56.2 compared to 34.0 in patients without impetigo (p = 0.01).

Conclusions
Patients with AD and sensitisation to common allergens, low levels of IgM or a history of impetigo are at risk for more severe disease and, therefore, need more attention, meticulous skin care, proactive management and treatment of comorbidities, when possible.

keywords:

atopic dermatitis, children, comorbidities, severity

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