eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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vol. 13
Clinical research

The importance of two metabolic syndrome diagnostic criteria and body fat distribution in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction

Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric

Arch Med Sci 2017; 13, 4: 795–806
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Introduction: The interrelation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) (the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF)) and obesity indices in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is insufficiently known.

Material and methods: This prospective study included 250 acute STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The patients with/without MetS were analyzed by baseline (medical history, demography and obesity indices: overall – body mass index (BMI) vs. central – body adiposity index (BAI), conicity index (Cindex), visceral adiposity index (VAI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)), severity (clinical presentation, laboratory, echocardiography, coronary angiography and in-hospital complications) and prognostic parameters (major adverse cardiovascular events and sick leave duration during 12-month follow-up).

Results: There were 136 (54.4%) and 147 (58.8%) patients with MetS (NCEP-ATP III) and MetS (IDF), respectively. MetS (NCEP-ATP III) increased the risk of > 1 significantly stenosed coronary artery (CA), very high BAI increased the risk of dyspnea, Cindex > 1.25/1.18 increased the risk of total in-hospital complications, increased VAI increased the risk of coronary segment 3 significant stenosis, WHR ≥ 0.90/0.85 increased the risk of proximal/middle coronary segments (especially of segment 1) significant stenosis, WHtR ≥ 63/58 increased the risk of heart failure, and the number of significantly stenosed CAs increased the risk of total MACE (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: MetS (NCEP-ATP III) and several central obesity indices are superior to BMI in predicting acute STEMI severity (clinical presentation, in-hospital complications, severity of coronary disease), while WC and MetS (IDF) have no influence on it. They all have no influence on prognosis.

anthropometry, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, obesity, percutaneous coronary intervention

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