eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
1/2019
vol. 21
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

The influence of psychosocial factors on distress expression

Lolita Rapolienė, Aelita Skarbalienė, Lina Gedrimė, Daiva Mockevičienė, Artūras Razbadauskas

Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2019; 21(1): 41–46
Online publish date: 2019/03/22
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Background
Psychosocial stress is a cause of illness and can lead to behavioral changes that tend to be harmful to health. Stress at work can cause burnout and damage workers’ well-being and health. Timely diagnosis of distress symptoms can help ensure the quality of a worker’s life.

Objectives
The aim of the study was to identify the stress prevalence and its expression and to reveal the influence of psychosocial factors.

Material and methods
A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 606 current workers of Klaipeda, Lithuania, who had no history of clinical diagnosed disease. The General Symptoms Distress Scale (GSDS) was used for distress evaluation.

Results
Overall stress intensity in the study group was moderate. Anxiety, fatigue, pain, sleep difficulties, and concentration difficulties are the most common distress symptoms depending on workers’ gender, education, work experience, nature of work, insufficient rest, and some work related stress factors. Occupation, working hours per day, and health-related behavioral factors have no correlation with the distress symptoms.

Conclusions
Overall stress intensity in the study group was 6 (out of 10). According to the GSDS, the mean number of distress symptoms was 3,8 (out of 13), the intensity of these was 4,6 (out of 10), and management was 6,1 (out of 10). Female gender, education, less work experience, sedentary nature of work, and insufficient rest are the factors positively associated with having more distress symptoms. Hazardous environmental conditions, competition and career growth, deadlines, meeting the public, hazards encountered, and physical demands influence the expression of distress symptoms.

keywords:

stress, psychological, expressed emotion, psychology

 
Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe