ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
Current issue Articles in Press Archive Special Issues About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Ethical standards and procedures Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
4/2019
vol. 20
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

The physiological response of athletes with impairments in wheelchair basketball game

Jolanta Marszałek
,
Karol Gryko
,
Grzegorz Prokopowicz
,
Andrzej Kosmol
,
Anna Mroz
,
Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz
,
Bartosz Molik

Human Movement 2019 vol. 20 (4), 1-7
Online publish date: 2019/04/01
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Purpose
The aim of this study was to analyze the physiological response of WB athletes related to type of impairment and functional classification in game situations

Material and methods
Fifteen male players from Polish National Wheelchair Basketball Team were observed during friendly and championships games (2017 and 2018). Heart rate (peak and average – HRpeak and HRav), number of sprints were monitored for each player per a full game by Polar Team Pro. Five HR zones were calculated for each athlete based on VO2peak, anaerobic threshold, HRmax, body weight and age (aerobic laboratory test). Heart rate reserve (HRR) and percentage heart rate reserved (%HRR) were calculated. Results were compared between athletes related to the type of impairment (spinal cord injuries and other physical impairments) and functional classification (Group A – from 1.0 to 2.5 points; Group B – from 3.0 to 4.5 points).

Results
The results showed the specificity of WB games, i.e. all players were found in all five HR zones with different contribution. Players from Group A played less than players form the Group B in fifth HR zone (respectively, 15% and 21%) and had significantly lower HRpeak and HRav, HRR, %HRR and did more sprints.

Conclusions
The current study confirmed differential specificity of a WB game. It was observed that there are significant differences in the physiological response between WB athletes representing different functional levels. This knowledge is important to plan preseason conditioning exercises for each individual WB athlete. Further studies are needed to better understand the physiological response of WB athletes.

keywords:

adapted physical activity; game performance; heart rate; impairment; sport

FEATURED PRODUCTS
Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe