eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

The prevalence of, and risk factors for, Barrett’s oesophagus after sleeve gastrectomy

Marcin Migaczewski
1
,
Agata Czerwińska
1
,
Mateusz Rubinkiewicz
1
,
Piotr Zarzycki
1
,
Magdalena Pisarska
1
,
Justyna Rymarowicz
1
,
Michał Pędziwiatr
1
,
Piotr Major
1

1.
2nd Department of General Surgery, Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland
Videosurgery Miniinv
Online publish date: 2021/07/11
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Introduction
Sleeve gastrectomy has become one of the most performed bariatric procedures. There is increasing evidence that sleeve gastrectomy patients suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease and its sequelae such as erosive oesophagitis (EO) or Barret’s oesophagus (BO).

Aim
To evaluate the incidence of EO and BO among patients with normal preoperative oesophagogastroduodenoscopy findings, who underwent sleeve gastrectomy, and investigate factors that may contribute to the development of EO and BO after the surgery.

Material and methods
We conducted a single-centre longitudinal study that included patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and completed 5 years of follow-up. Gastroscopies were performed in all patients at the end of the follow-up period. Patient- and treatment-related factors were used to search for risk factors of BO.

Results
From a total of 30 patients, symptomatic reflux was reported by 17 (56.7%) during the follow-up period. At EGD EO was found in 9 of those patients (30%), whereas BE was diagnosed in 8 (27%) patients. The median BMI at the end of the follow-up period was significantly higher among patients with BE than in the groups with EO and with no endoscopic changes: 40.91 ±6.32, 32.42 ±5.53, and 33.25 ±4.41, respectively (p = 0.04).

Conclusions
The prevalence of BO in SG patients is considerable. The risk of BE increases in patients with poor bariatric outcome. Endoscopic surveillance should be considered as part of the follow-up, especially in patients with higher overall risk of BE.

keywords:

endoscopy, Barrett’s oesophagus, bariatric procedures

  
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