eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
5/2021
vol. 38
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The prevalence of various eyelid skin lesions in a single-centre observation study

Wojciech Z. Adamski
1
,
Jakub Maciejewski
2
,
Kinga Adamska
3
,
Andrzej Marszałek
4
,
Iwona Rospond-Kubiak
1

1.
Ocular Oncology Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2.
Students’ Scientific Society, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
3.
Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
4.
Department of Tumour Pathology and Prophylaxis, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poznan, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (5): 804–807
Online publish date: 2020/06/08
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Introduction
The role of the eyelids is to protect and moisturise the eye. Despite its small relative surface area, 5–10% of skin cancers originate in the eyelids.

Aim
To assess the prevalence of different types of skin lesions in the area of eyelids based on retrospective histopathology data from a tertiary centre.

Material and methods
Among 544 included eyelid lesions, 429 (79%) were benign and 115 (21%) were malignant. In the benign group, the most common finding was a chalazion (49.2%) followed by squamous papilloma (22.8%), seborrheic keratitis (10%), epidermal cyst (8.2%), and intradermal nevus (5.1%). Out of all malignant lesions, the most common diagnosis was basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in 110 (95.7%) patients.

Results
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was diagnosed in 3 (2.6%) patients and sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) in 2 (1.7%). No malignant melanoma was identified in the studied group.

Conclusions
Although benign lesions are the most common eyelid tumours, it is essential to differentiate between benign and malignant eyelid tumours because early detection and appropriate treatment may improve the cosmetic effect and reduce recurrences.

keywords:

eyelid lesion, skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma

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