eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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1/2021
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The proportion of death anxiety and its related factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Iranian population

Seyedmohammad Mirhosseini
1
,
Ali Dadgari
2
,
Mohammad Hasan Basirinezhad
3
,
Reza Mohammadpourhodki
4
,
Hossein Ebrahimi
5

1.
Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2.
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
3.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4.
Kashmar Center of Higher Health Education, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5.
Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2021; 23(1): 36–40
Online publish date: 2021/04/02
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Background
The worldwide emergence of COVID-19 has brought about various psychological consequences, including anxiety, fear of death, etc.

Objectives
This study was aimed at determining the proportion of death anxiety and its covariates during the COVID-19 pandemic in Shahroud city, Iran.

Material and methods
This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,215 participants. Data was collected by convenient sampling method with online tools, including an awareness and attitude checklist toward COVID-19, Templar Death Anxiety Questionnaire and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) Questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multivariate linear regression analysis). The significant level for all tests was considered to be 0.05.

Results
The results indicated that the mean score ± standard deviation of death anxiety and GAD were 6.46 ± 3.33 and 6.27 ± 4.83, respectively. Of all participants, 49.1% reported high death anxiety. Parallel to the high anxiety level, a significant increase in death anxiety was observed (p < 0.001). Moreover, factors such as younger age and the death of a family member due to COVID-19 were significantly correlated with death anxiety (p = 0.024 and p = 0.001)

Conclusions
Assessing anxiety among exposed clients and applying anxiety reduction and coping methods, such as problem-solving techniques, as well as providing comprehensive and practical information on methods to control and adapt with this disease, are recommended to be implemented in health care systems.

keywords:

anxiety, coronavirus, death, mental health, pandemics

 
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