eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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1/2019
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The role of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) of mothers on teaching toothbrushing to preschool children – based on the Theory of Planned Behavior: a cross-sectional study

R. Darmawan Setijanto, Taufan Bramantoro, Retno Palupi, Atika Hanani

Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2019; 21(1): 53–57
Online publish date: 2019/03/22
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Background
Indonesia has reported high prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC). This is at 90% at age 3–5 years with higher mean of decay extraction or filling of teeth (def-t). Preschool children are one of the most vulnerable groups to dental and oral disease because they generally still not have proper behavior with regard to maintaining their oral health. Parental care is an important factor as it serves as the basis of the formation of behaviors that support or do not support childhood oral hygiene. One well-validated theory commonly used to test human attitudes and behaviors is the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Objectives
Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, to describe the behavior of mothers on teaching toothbrushing to preschool children.

Material and methods
We undertook a cross-sectional analytic study with sample size 218 of mothers of kindergarten children in Surabaya. We obtained our data by giving a questionnaire to mothers that consists of 35 semi open ended and closed ended questions.

Results
The variables of Theory of Planned Behavior which showed significant effect on intention to act were attitude and PBC with p-value < 0.005. Subsequently, attitude, subjective norms, and PBC were tested together to measure the influence to intention – which resulted in a R2 of 0.37.

Conclusions
Attitudes and PBC are the most dominant factors in improving the intentions and behavior of mothers towards teaching effective toothbrushing practices to their children.

keywords:

dental caries, child, preschool, mothers, behavior, behavioral research

 
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