eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Special issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 14
Clinical research

The validity of self-reported vs. measured body weight and height and the effect of self-perception

Mehmet Enes Gokler, Necati Bugrul, Ahu Ozturk Sarı, Selma Metintas

Arch Med Sci 2018; 14, 1: 174–181
Online publish date: 2016/07/22
View full text
Get citation
JabRef, Mendeley
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
Introduction: The objective was to assess the validity of self-reported body weight and height and the possible influence of self-perception of body mass index (BMI) status on the actual BMI during the adolescent period.

Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 3918 high school students. Accurate BMI perception occurred when the student’s self-perception of their BMI status did not differ from their actual BMI based on measured height and weight. Agreement between the measured and self-reported body height and weight and BMI values was determined using the Bland-Altman metod. To determine the effects of “a good level of agreement”, hierarchical logistic regression models were used.

Results: Among male students who reported their BMI in the normal region, 2.8% were measured as overweight while 0.6% of them were measured as obese. For females in the same group, these percentages were 1.3% and 0.4% respectively. Among male students who perceived their BMI in the normal region, 8.5% were measured as overweight while 0.4% of them were measured as obese. For females these percentages were 25.6% and 1.8% respectively. According to logistic regression analysis, residence and accurate BMI perception were significantly associated with “good agreement” (p ≤ 0.001).

Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that in determining obesity and overweight statuses, non-accurate weight perception is a potential risk for students.

validity, self-reported, weight, height, self-perception

De Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 1257-64.
Karakas P, Bozkir MG. Anthropometric indices in relation to overweight and obesity among Turkish medical students. Arch Med Sci 2012; 8: 209-13.
Kyriazis I, Rekleiti M, Saridi M, et al. Prevalence of obesity in children aged 6-12 years in Greece: nutritional behaviour and physical activity. Arch Med Sci 2012; 8: 859-64.
Elgar FJ, Roberts C, Tudor-Smith C, Moore L. Validity of self-reported height and weight and predictors of bias in adolescents. J Adolesc Health 2005; 37: 371-5.
Kelishadi R, Marashinia F, Heshmat R, et al. First report on body image and weight control in a nationally representative sample of a pediatric population in the Middle East and North Africa: the CASPIAN-III study. Arch Med Sci 2013; 9: 210-7.
Daniels SR. The consequences of childhood overweight and obesity. The Future of children/Center for the Future of Children, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation 2006; 16: 47-67.
Sherry B, Jefferds ME, Grummer-Strawn LM. Accuracy of adolescent self-report of height and weight in assessing overweight status: a literature review. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2013; 161: 1154-61.
Zhou X, Dibley MJ, Cheng Y, Ouyang X, Yan H. Validity of self-reported weight, height and resultant body mass index in Chinese adolescents and factors associated with errors in self-reports. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 190.
Mikolajczyk RT, Maxwell AE, El Ansari W, Stock C, Petkeviciene J, Guillen-Grima F. Relationship between perceived body weight and body mass index based on self- reported height and weight among university students: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 40.
Roberts C, Freeman J, Samdal O, et al. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: methodological developments and current tensions. Int J Public Health 2009; 54 Suppl. 2: 140-50.
Who Multicentre Growth Reference Study G, de Onis M. WHO Child Growth Standards based on length/height, weight and age. Acta Pædiatrica 2006; 95: 76-85.
Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale NJ. L. Erlbaum Associates. 1998.
Yoshitake N, Okuda M, Sasaki S, Kunitsugu I, Hobara T. Validity of self-reported body mass index of Japanese children and adolescents. Pediatr Int 2012; 54: 397-401.
Brettschneider AK, Rosario AS, Ellert U. Validity and predictors of BMI derived from self-reported height and weight among 11- to 17-year-old German adolescents from the KiGGS study. BMC Research Notes 2011; 4: 414.
Strauss RS. Comparison of measured and self-reported weight and height in a cross-sectional sample of young adolescents. Int J Obes Relat Metabol Disord 1999; 23: 904-8.
Sarafrazi N, Hughes JP, Borrud L, et al. Perception of weight status in U.S. children and adolescents aged 8-15 years, 2005-2012. NCHS data brief, no 158. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics 2014.
Brener ND, McManus T, Galuska DA, Lowry R, Wechsler H. Reliability and validity of self-reported height and weight among high school students. J Adolesc Health 2003; 32: 281-7.
Rasmussen F, Eriksson M, Nordquist T. Bias in height and weight reported by Swedish adolescents and relations to body dissatisfaction: the COMPASS study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2007; 61: 870-6.
Harris KC, Kuramoto LK, Schulzer M, Retallack JE. Effect of school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index in children: a meta-analysis. CMAJ 2009; 180: 719-26.
Altman DG, Bland J. Measurement in medicine: the analysis of method comparison studies. Statistician 1983; 32: 307-17.
Dorosty AR, Mehdikhani S, Sotoudeh G, Rahimi A, Koohdani F, Tehrani P. Perception of weight and health status among women working at Health Centres of Tehran. J Health Popul Nutr 2014; 32: 58-67.
Wardle J, Haase AM, Steptoe A. Body image and weight control in young adults: international comparisons in university students from 22 countries. Int J Obes 2006; 30: 644-51.
Quick links
© 2018 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe