eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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4/2019
vol. 44
 
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abstract:
Clinical immunology

The value of serum precipitins against specific antigens in patients diagnosed with hypersensitivity pneumonitis – retrospective study

Monika Szturmowicz
,
Barbara Garczewska
,
Małgorzata E. Jędrych
,
Iwona Bartoszuk
,
Małgorzata Sobiecka
,
Witold Tomkowski
,
Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2019; 44 (4): 390-394)
Online publish date: 2020/01/20
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Introduction
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is the third most common interstitial lung disease, and is often under-recognized, especially in patients who are not aware of their occupational or environmental contact with organic antigens. The aim of the present study was to assess the results of serum specific IgG antibodies (ssIgG) in HP patients and their correlation with clinical data.

Material and methods
128 HP patients, median age 53 years, participated in the study. The control group consisted of 102 patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) other than HP. Assessment of pretreatment ssIgG to thermophilic actinomycetes and protein antigens from bird droppings (pigeons, hens, ducks, parrots, turkeys) was performed by double diffusion in agar gel according to Ouchterlony method.

Results
Positive precipitins were obtained in 57% of all HP patients and in 61% of those exposed to above mentioned antigens. Positive results in the control group were obtained in 7% of patients. Sensitivity of ssIgG in HP group was 0.57 and specificity 0.93. Precipitins to at least one bird antigen was confirmed in 64% of HP patients exposed to birds. Precipitins to thermophilic bacteria were found in 29% of HP patients exposed to hay or hay products.

Conclusions
The results of the study indicate that ssIgG against birds’ allergens were the valuable diagnostic tool in HP patients. Low-rate of confirmation of ssIgG to thermophilic bacteria in patients exposed to hay or hay products indicate that other microorganisms, most likely molds, could be responsible for the disease development.

keywords:

hypersensitivity pneumonitis, precipitins, farmer’s lung, birds’ keepers lung

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