eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2019
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Topical polyphenol treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease: use of ultrasonography to evaluate response to treatment – clinical case series study

Hasan Mete Aksoy
,
Berna Aksoy
,
Ezgi Ozkur
,
Emel Calikoglu

Adv Dermatol Allergol 2019; XXXVI (4): 431-437
Online publish date: 2019/08/30
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Introduction
Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (SPSD) is a common disorder and encountered more frequently in hairy young males after puberty.

Aim
To assess effectiveness of topical polyphenol treatment of SPSD by using physical examination and ultrasonography (USG).

Material and methods
Fourteen patients with SPSD diagnosis were treated by natural polyphenol products and were retrospectively included in this study. All of the patients were assessed by superficial ultrasonography before and after treatment. Demographic and clinical information of the patients was obtained from medical records.

Results
Patients were aged 18–45 years and the median disease duration was 2 years. The most common findings in physical examination were sinus openings and subcutaneous nodules and the most common ultrasonographic findings were abscess/cyst formation and presence of fistula at the pre-treatment visit. All of the patients applied topical polyphenols for a median period of 3 months. Topical polyphenol treatment was effective in 92.9% of patients. Follow-up examinations at 18.3 months post-treatment revealed that 12 (85.7%) patients were free of disease. Control physical examination and ultrasonographic assessment were completely normal in 11 (78.6%) patients.

Conclusions
Topical polyphenol therapy is a promising alternative treatment for SPSD and its effectiveness can be objectively evaluated by ultrasonography. It is advised that topical polyphenols should be tried first in every young and active patient with SPSD. Majority of these patients can avoid demanding and expensive alternative treatment methods such as complex surgical procedures. This topical therapy method makes surgical SPSD a dermatologically treatable disease.

keywords:

pilonidal sinus, polyphenols, topical, ultrasonography

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