eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair in patients with hemophilia and von Willebrand disease. Prospective controlled study

Konrad Pielaciński
1
,
Bartosz Puła
2
,
Andrzej B. Szczepanik
1

1.
Department of General, Oncologic and Metabolic Surgery, Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Department of Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Videosurgery Miniinv
Online publish date: 2021/02/26
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Introduction
Laparoscopic surgery is associated with several advantages. Surgical procedures in hemophilia or von Willebrand patients without replacement therapy (RT) to correct clotting factor deficiency may result in serious, life-threatening hemorrhagic episodes. Clotting factor concentrates improve hemostatic control but bleeding risk in major invasive procedures remains high. Aim: Evaluation of totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair (TEP-IHR) in patients with congenital hemorrhagic disorders (H) and comparison with results for non-hemophiliacs (NH) with regard to bleeding, postoperative pain, hernia recurrence, surgery time, demand for painkillers, hospital stay and recovery time.

Material and methods
The prospective controlled trial included 67 consecutive male patients scheduled for TEP-IHR between January 2010 and December 2018. Surgery was performed in groups H (n = 22) and NH (n = 45). Full study inclusion criteria were met by 65 patients (22 and 43 in H and NH groups respectively). Follow-up was carried out on the 1st, 2nd, and 7th day and in the 1st and 3rd month postoperatively.

Results
TEP-IHR was successful for all patients. No life-threatening bleeding occurred and no patient required red blood cell transfusions or reoperation. No hernia recurrence was reported. No statistically significant differences were observed between the groups with regard to surgery duration, postoperative hematoma frequency and demand for painkillers. In the H group, pain intensity was significantly higher during the first postoperative month and hospitalization and recovery were significantly longer.

Conclusions
TEP-IHR in hemophiliacs with RT is feasible and as effective for preventing hernia recurrence as in NH-patients. In hemophiliacs risk of bleeding complications and demand for painkillers are comparable to non-hemophiliacs although pain is more intense.

keywords:

hemophilia, hernia recurrence, totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair, bleeding diathesis, hemorrhagic complications

  
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