ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
2/2016
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Two aerobic exercise programs in management of back pain among middle-aged obese women: a randomized controlled study

Janusz Maciaszek
1
,
Damian Skrypnik
2
,
Marzena Ratajczak
3
,
Rafał Stemplewski
1
,
Wiesław Osiński
1
,
Paweł Bogdański
4
,
Edyta Mądry
5
,
Jarosław Walkowiak
6
,
Joanna Karolkiewicz
3

1.
Department of Physical Activity Science and Health Promotion, E. Piasecki University School of Physical Education in Poznan, Poznan, Poland
2.
Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolic Disorders and Hypertension, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
3.
Department of Biochemistry, Physiology and Hygiene; E. Piasecki University School of Physical Education in Poznan, Poznan, Poland
4.
Department of Education and Obesity Treatment and Metabolic Disorders, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
5.
Department of Physiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
6.
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Online publish date: 2018/03/22
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Purpose
Back pain is a frequent symptom in the obese. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of two training programs on the reduction of back pain among obese women.

Methods
The study included 30 obese women who reported back pain within 3 months preceding enrollment. The subjects were randomly allocated to endurance or endurance/resistance physical exercise. The intensity of the exercise was adjusted to 50–80% of HRmax. Back pain intensity, muscle strength of knee flexors and extensors, body balance and body composition were measured before and after training.

Results
Both the endurance and endurance/resistance training exerted positive effect on back pain (p < 0.05). Similarly, in both training groups the significant increase in the strength of knee flexors and marked reduction of body fatness (p < 0.001 for all) was documented. However, the interventions’ efficacies in selected groups did not differ.

Conclusions
Both endurance and combined endurance/resistance training exert positive effect in decreasing back pain and improving functional fitness of obese women. Therefore, both forms of training may be recommended for individuals dealing with the abovementioned problems.

keywords:

aerobic exercise, back pain, obesity

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