en POLSKI
eISSN: 2083-8441
ISSN: 2081-237X
Pediatric Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
1/2022
vol. 28
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and its effect on quality of life in adolescents: A retrospective cohort study in Saudi Arabia

Sireen Shilbayeh
1

1.
Department of Pharmaceutical Practice, College of Pharmacy, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2022; 28 (1): 54–63
Online publish date: 2022/03/03
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Introduction
Quality of life (QoL) in adolescent patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been thoroughly explored in Saudi Arabia. Herein, we aimed to measure the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescent patients suffering from T2DM and explore the correlation between adolescents' self- and parent-reporting of QoL scores, and glycaemic control (HbA1c).

Material and methods
A retrospective multi-centre cohort study was conducted at 4 hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQLTM) Diabetes Module 3.0 was completed by children and their parents in a confidential and anonyms manner through a phone interview.

Results
We recruited 49 paediatric patients for this study (mean age: 18.45 years; male: 55%). Both children and parents reported low cumulative mean scores for PedsQL™ (58.65 and 57.38, respectively) as compared to previous international studies. The lowest obtained score was noted for the diabetes symptoms domain (53.4). Comparing the magnitude of discrepancy between the adolescents’ and parents' subscale scores revealed a non-significant difference, except for the ‘worry’ subscale, in which parents reported significantly higher mean scores (76.73 vs. 60.54, p = 0.02). Comparison of mean scores reported by adolescents who met the target HbA1c goal (<7%) and their counterparts revealed a non-significant difference, suggesting an irrelevant impact of this parameter on their perspectives or experiences.

Conclusions
The study findings emphasized the need to initiate further intensive awareness programs concerning this disease and its clinical implications in T2DM children to improve treatment adherence and symptoms, and consequently improve the perception of the patient and the family for HRQoL.

keywords:

adolescents, type 2 diabetes, health-related quality of life, Saudi Arabia, glycaemic control


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