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Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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6/2021
vol. 59
 
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Artykuł oryginalny

Ultrasound remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in clinical remission

Rym Fakhfakh
1
,
Nejla Elamri
1
,
Khadija Baccouche
1
,
Sadok Laataoui
1
,
Hela Zeglaoui
1
,
Elyes Bouajina
1

1.
Department of Rheumatology, Farhat Hached Hospital, University of Medicine of Sousse, Tunisia
Reumatologia 2021; 59, 6: 378–385
Data publikacji online: 2021/12/30
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Objectives
The aim of the study was to assess ultrasound (US) remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission using different definitions.

Material and methods
This was a cross-sectional study including patients with RA in clinical remission defined by disease activity score (DAS28) – erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ≤ 2.6 for at least 6 months. Each patient underwent B-mode and power Doppler (PD) assessments of 42 joints and 20 tendons. B-mode and PD signal for synovitis and tenosynovitis (TS) were defined and graded semi-quantitatively (0–3) according to the outcome measures in rheumatology clinical trials (OMERACT). Several different definitions of US remission were examined: the absence of synovial hypertrophy (SH), TS on B-mode and PD signal, the absence of SH and PD signal, a grade ≤ 1 of SH and the absence of PD, a grade ≤ 1 of SH and PD, the absence of PD, or a grade of PD ≤ 1. The DAS28, clinical disease activity index (CDAI), simple disease activity index (SDAI), and the Boolean American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission criteria were compared.

Results
Thirty-seven patients were enrolled. The rate of remission according to the different composite indices was 70.2% for the SDAI, 64.8% for the CDAI, and 54% for the ACR/EULAR Boolean criteria. Synovial hypertrophy and TS in B-mode were detected in 94.6% and 40.5% of patients, respectively. Synovitis with PD signal was found in 59.5% and 13.5% of patients had TS with PD, respectively. Ultrasound remission at joints and tendons was found in 5.4–62.2% of patients. For the other remission criteria: CDAI, SDAI, and ACR/EULAR Boolean criteria, 7.7–60% of patients showed US remission at joints and tendons.

Conclusions
Clinical remission, even classified by strict composite indices, does not seem to be the closest method to the concept of absence of inflammatory activity; hence the interest of integrating US in assessing remission in practice.






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