eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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2/2020
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Use of video-based multimedia information to reduce anxiety before office hysteroscopy

Aysu Akca
1
,
Gulseren Yilmaz
2
,
Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer
1
,
Semra Yuksel
3
,
Nadiye Koroglu
1
,
Berna Aslan Cetin
1

1.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2.
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, GOP Taksim Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Videosurgery Miniinv 2020; 15 (2): 329–336
Online publish date: 2019/10/28
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Introduction
Use of multimedia tools has been shown to improve patient comprehension, reduce pre-procedural anxiety, and increase patient satisfaction in various surgical settings.

Aim
To investigate the impact of video-based multimedia information (MMI) on the anxiety levels of patients undergoing office hysteroscopy (OH).

Material and methods
All consecutive women aged 18–65 years and scheduled for diagnostic OH were enrolled in this prospective randomized study. Subjects were assigned to receive video-based MMI or conventional written information (controls). The trait and state anxiety were assessed using the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) before the MMI or written information. STAI-state (STAI-S) was repeated after application of the MMI or written information. All patients underwent a standardized transvaginal hysteroscopy procedure by the same gynecologist. Following the hysteroscopy, patient satisfaction and procedural pain were ranked using a Likert scale and visual analogue scale.

Results
Fifty-two patients were randomized to receive a video-based MMI, and 52 patients were randomized to receive written information. Post-information STAI-S score was significantly lower in the MMI group than that of the written information group (45.0 ±8.0 vs. 49.4 ±8.4, p < 0.001, 95% CI for the difference: 1.36–7.79). Moreover, the satisfaction rate of the video group was significantly higher than the satisfaction rate of the controls (92.3% vs. 63.5%, p < 0.001). VAS score of procedural pain was similar for the two groups.

Conclusions
A video-based MMI before OH might be preferred to conventional information methods in order to reduce the pre-procedural anxiety and to increase patients’ satisfaction.

keywords:

anxiety, office hysteroscopy, satisfaction, pain

  
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