eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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2/2021
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Validation of the Persian Version of the Elderly Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS)

Saeideh Motahedi
1
,
Mahboobeh Khajeh
2
,
Ahmad Khosravi
3
,
Seyedmohammad Mirhosseini
4
,
Hossein Ebrahimi
5

1.
Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
2.
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
3.
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
4.
Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5.
Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
Fam Med Prim Care Rev 2021; 23(2): 196–202
Online publish date: 2021/07/06
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Introduction
Elderly abuse is a major problem in developing countries and causes complications such as reduced quality of life, increased incidence of mental diseases and even death. To evaluate the validity of a Persian version of the Vulnerability Abuse Screening Scale (VASS) in the elderly.

Material and methods
This methodological study was performed on 200 older adults (aged ≥ 60) in Iran. Measurements included the Elderly Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS).

Results
The mean and standard deviation of the studied population was 68 ± 5.8 years. After applying the necessary changes in the items at the face and content validity stage, the initial reliability was confirmed in a sample of 50 elderly with a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.74. The initial tool model (12-question version) was not validated in the factor analysis process, so the second tool model (9-question version) was prepared and found to have construct validity. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient in the 9-question version was 0.70, and the intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.99.

Conclusions
According to the study results, it seems that the Persian 9-question version can be used as a valid and reliable tool in the study and assessment of vulnerability to abuse in the Iranian elderly population.

keywords:

abuse, elder, Validation Vulnerability Abuse Screening Scale, VASS, Iran

 
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