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ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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1/2018
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Video-assisted-thoracoscopic surgery in left-to-right Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum for prevention of serious complications – technical aspects based on 1006 patients

Krystian Pawlak, Łukasz Gąsiorowski, Piotr Gabryel, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz

Videosurgery Miniinv 2018; 13 (1): 95–101
Online publish date: 2018/01/16
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Introduction
Additional use of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique in the Nuss procedure has been globally accepted for the improvement of safety of surgical treatment as well as for decreased frequency of serious intraoperative and postoperative complications.

Aim
To evaluate VATS in surgical treatment of patients with pectus excavatum by the left-to-right Nuss procedure for prevention of serious intra- and postoperative complications.

Material and methods
From 2002 to 2016, 1006 patients with pectus excavatum aged 7 to 62 years (mean: 18.6) underwent the Nuss procedure. There were 796 males and 210 females. The clinical records of all patients were analyzed retrospectively. The follow-up varied from 1 to 172 months (mean: 80.7 ±43).

Results
The early 30-day postoperative mortality was zero. Early thoracoscopy-dependent postoperative complications, the majority transient and non-life-threatening, occurred in 35.6% of patients. The most frequent complication was pneumothorax, diagnosed in 24.5% of patients. Two patients required repeat surgery. One patient required VATS pleurectomy due to persistent postoperative air leakage. In another patient left thoracotomy following bleeding from the pleural cavity was performed.

Conclusions
The use of VATS in the left-to-right Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum ensures the safety of surgical treatment and minimizes the occurrence of serious intra- and postoperative complications concerning injury of the mediastinum, lung, diaphragm or abdominal cavity.

keywords:

Nuss procedure, postoperative complications, pectus excavatum, thoracoscopic surgery

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