eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2021
vol. 72
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Wax hearts: seeking the antiquity of cardiac pathology

Rosa Henriques de Gouveia
1
,
Raffaella Santi
2
,
Roberta Ballestriero
3
,
Francesco M. Galassi
4
,
Lina Carvalho
1
,
Gabriella Nesi
5

1.
University of Coimbra, Portugal
2.
Careggi Teaching Hospital, Florence, Italy
3.
University of the Arts, London, United Kingdom
4.
Flinders University, Australia
5.
University of Florence, Italy
Pol J Pathol 2021; 73 (4): 346-352
Online publish date: 2022/03/08
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Wax models of normal and diseased organs were formerly essential medical teaching tools. The ceroplastic heart models from two 19th century pathology museums at the Universities of Florence (n = 8) and Coimbra (n = 10) were analysed. The Florentine collection comprised congenital malformations as well as infectious and inflammatory disorders. The Coimbra waxworks included congenital defects, cardiac hypertrophy and dilation, valvular pathology and cardiac adiposity. This study focuses on heart diseases and teaching resources in European university hospitals during the 19th century. It also highlights the importance of wax models in medical education both then and today, in an era of informatics and digital photography.
keywords:

heart, wax models, pathology museums, medical teaching

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