eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Special issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2018
vol. 14
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Clinical research

What does the Cantril Ladder measure in adolescence?

Joanna Mazur, Monika Szkultecka-Dębek, Anna Dzielska, Mariola Drozd, Agnieszka Małkowska-Szkutnik

Arch Med Sci 2018; 14, 1: 182–189
Online publish date: 2016/06/20
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction: The Cantril Scale (CS) is a simple visual scale which makes it possible to assess general life satisfaction. The result may depend on the health, living, and studying conditions, and quality of social relations. The objective of this study is to identify key factors influencing the CS score in Polish adolescents.

Material and methods: The survey comprised 1,423 parent-child pairs (54% girls; age range: 10–17; 67.3% urban inhabitants; 89.4% of parents were mothers). Linear and logistic models were estimated; the latter used alternative divisions into “satisfied” and “dissatisfied” with life. In addition to age and gender, child-reported KIDSCREEN-52 quality of life indexes were taken into account, along with some information provided by parents – child physical (CSHCN) and mental (SDQ) health, and family socio-economic conditions.

Results: According to the linear model, nine independent predictors, including six dimensions of KIDSCREEN-52, explain 47.2% of the variability of life satisfaction on the Cantril Scale. Self-perception was found to have a dominating influence (ΔR2 = 0.301, p < 0.001). Important CS predictors also included Psychological Well-being (ΔR2 = 0.088, p < 0.001) and Parent Relations ΔR2 = 0.041, p < 0.001). The impact of socioeconomic factors was more visible in boys and in older adolescents. According to logistic models, the key factors enhancing the chance of higher life satisfaction are Moods and Emotions (cut-off point CS > 5) and School Environment (CS > 8 points). None of the models indicated a relationship between the CS and physical health.

Conclusions: The Cantril Scale can be considered a useful measurement tool in a broad approach to psychosocial adolescent health.
keywords:

life satisfaction, mental health, quality of life, social determinants, adolescents

references:
Żmijewska-Tomczak M, Milecki P, Olek-Hrab P, et al. Factors influencing quality of life in patients During radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. Arch Med Sci 2014; 10: 1153-9.
Levin KA, Currie C. Reliability and validity of adapted version of the Cantril Ladder for use with adolescent sample. Soc Indic Res 2014; 119: 1047-63.
Ravens-Sieberer U, Torsheim T, Hetland J, et al. Subjective health, symptom load and quality of life of children and adolescents in Europe. Int J Public Health 2009; 54 Suppl 2: 151-9.
Cavallo F, Dalmasso P, Ottová-Jordan V, et al. Trends in life satisfaction in European and North-American adolescents from 2002 to 2010 in over 30 countries. Eur J Public Health 2015; 25 Suppl 2: 80-2.
Moor I, Lampert T, Rathmann K, et al. Explaining educational inequalities in adolescent life satisfaction: do health behaviour and gender matter? Int J Public Health 2014; 59: 309-17.
Tomé G, de Matos MG, Camacho I, Simões C, Diniz JA. Portuguese adolescents: the importance of parents and peer groups in positive health. Span J Psychol 2012; 15: 1315-24.
Jenkins LS, Brodsky M, Schron E, et al. Quality of life in atrial fibrillation: the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) study. Am Heart J 2005; 149: 112-20.
Ng V, Nicholas D, Dhawan A, et al. Development and validation of the pediatric liver transplantation quality of life: a disease-specific quality of life measure for pediatric liver transplant recipients. J Pediatr 2014; 165: 547-55.e7.
Carpenter JS. Applying the Cantril methodology to study self-esteem: psychometrics of the Self-Anchoring Self-Esteem Scale. J Nurs Measurement 1996; 4: 171-89.
Goodman E, Adler NE, Kawachi I, Frazier AL, Huang B, Colditz GA. Adolescents’ perceptions of social status: Development and evaluation of a new indicator. Pediatrics 2001; 108: e31.
Tabak I. Life satisfaction. In: Trends in health behaviour and selected health indicators in school children in 1990-2010. Woynarowska B, Mazur J (eds). Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw 2012; 145-50.
Proctor CL, Linley AP, Maltby J. Youth life satisfaction: a review of the literature. J Happiness Stud 2009; 10: 583-630.
Mazur J. Development and initial psychometric analysis of Polish generic quality of life questionnaire for children and adoelscents (KIDSCREEN-52). Med Wieku Rozwoj 2004; VIII (3 cz. I): 513-33.
Bethell C, Read D, Stein R. Identifying children with special health care needs: development and evaluation of a short screening instrument. Ambulatory Pediatrics 2002; 2: 38-48.
Goodman A, Goodman R. Population mean scores predict child mental disorder rates: validating SDQ prevalence estimators in Britain. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2011; 52: 100-8.
Łopuszańska M, Szklarska A, Lipowicz A, Jankowska E, Kozieł S. Life satisfaction and cardiovascular disease risk in Poland. Arch Med Sci 2013; 9: 629-34.
Janssens A, Thompson Coon J, Rogers M, et al. A systematic review of generic multidimensional patient-reported outcome measures for children. Part I: descriptive characteristics. Value Health. 2015; 18: 315-33.
Arnold R, Ranchor AV, Sanderman R, Kempen GIJM, Ormel J, Suurmeijer TPBM. The relative contribution of domains of quality of life to overall quality of life for different chronic diseases. Qual Life Res 2004; 13: 883-96.
Bozorgpour F, Salimi A. State self-esteem. Loneliness and life satisfaction. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2012; 69: 2004-8.
Borges A, Gaspar de Matos M, Diniz JA. Body image and subjective well-being in Portuguese adolescents. Span J Psychol 2013; 16: E17.
Weber M, Huebner ES. Early adolescents’ personality and life satisfaction: a closer look at global vs. domain-specific satisfaction Pers. Individ Differ 2015; 83: 31-6.
Moksnes UK, Espnes GA. Self-esteem and life satisfaction in adolescents-gender and age as potential moderators. Qual Life Res 2013; 22: 2921-8.
Bisegger C, Cloetta B, von Rueden U, Abel T, Ravens-Sieberer; the European Kidscreen Group. Health-related quality of life: gender differences in childhood and adolescence. Soz Präventivmed 2005; 50: 281-91.
Baker JA, Dilly LJ, Aupperlee JL, Patil SA. The developmental context of school satisfaction: school as psychologically healthy environments. Sch Psychol Q 2003; 18: 206-21.
Dogan U, Celik E. Examining the factors contributing to students’ life satisfaction. ESTP 2014; 14: 2121-8.
Oberle E, Schonert-Reichl K, Zumbo BD. Life satisfaction in early adolescence: personal, neighborhood, school, family and peer influences. J Youth Adolescence 2011; 40: 889-901.
Rekleiti M, Saridi M, Toska A, et al. The effects of a first-aid education program for middle school students in a Greek urban area. Arch Med Sci 2013; 9: 758-60.
Mazur J. Studies on quality of life in children and adolescents. Remedium 2006; 3: 1-3.
Suldo SM, Savage JA, Mercer SH, Increasing middle school students’ life satisfaction: efficacy of a positive psychology group intervention. J Happiness Stud 2014; 15: 19-42.
FEATURED PRODUCTS
Quick links
© 2018 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe