eISSN: 1689-1716
ISSN: 0324-8267
Archiwum Medycyny Sądowej i Kryminologii/Archives of Forensic Medicine and Criminology
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1/2017
vol. 67
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Analysis of suicide cases in post-mortem examination files of the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Medical University of Białystok (2003 to 2015)

Maciej Janica
1, 2
,
Michał Szeremeta
3
,
Anna Bondar
1
,
Karolina Lomperta
1
,
Petra Drobuliakova
1
,
Anna Niemcunowicz-Janica
3

1.
Student’s Scientific Group at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
2.
Student’s Scientific Group at the Department of Statistics and Medical Informatics, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
3.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Arch Med Sąd Kryminol 2017; 67 (1): 1-15
Online publish date: 2017/10/02
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Aim of the study: The study presents the analysis of suicides based on the material consisting of the results of medico-legal autopsies and case files of the Department of Forensic Medicine of the Medical University of Bialystok.

Material and methods: The material consisted of 6752 protocols of medico-legal autopsies carried out in the years 2003–2015 and case files, which enabled to classify cases as suicidal. The analysis included the dynamics of suicides over the years, basic demographic characteristics of victims, the ways, the time and place of suicide, the state of sobriety, the frequency of injuries in different regions of the body. The data were analyzed statistically using tests such as: Shapiro-Wilk test, Mann-Whitney U test, nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test by programme Statistica 10.0 by StatSoft.

Results: The research showed that suicides represented 11.09% of all post-mortem examinations. A statistically significant association was found between the age of the person committing suicide and the place chosen for suicide (p = 0.038). Post hoc analysis demonstrated statistically significant differences (p = 0.046) between suicide committed outdoors and in the supervised area. There was a statistically significant association between the sex and the preferable place of committing suicide (p = 0.0001). A high percentage of suicides were committed in the place of residence. There was a statistically significant difference in blood alcohol levels in women and in men at the time of suicide (p = 0.0029).

Conclusions: The study revealed the increase of the percentage of suicides in relation to previous years. Hanging is still the most popular method of suicide.
keywords:

suicide, autopsy, statystical analysis

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