eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
5/2020
vol. 37
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Anti-endothelial cell antibodies are associated with apoptotic endothelial microparticles, endothelial sloughing and decrease in angiogenic progenitors in systemic sclerosis

Małgorzata M. Michalska-Jakubus
1
,
Marta Rusek
2
,
Małgorzata Kowal
2
,
Marcin Czop
3
,
Janusz Kocki
3
,
Dorota Krasowska
1

1.
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Pediatric Dermatology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
2.
Laboratory for Immunology of Skin Diseases at the Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Pediatric Dermatology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
3.
Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2020; XXXVII (5): 725-735
Online publish date: 2019/04/08
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Introduction
Evidence has accumulated for the role of endothelial damage in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECAs) might underlie vascular injury.

Aim
Since endothelial microparticles (EMPs) and circulating endothelial cells (CECs) reflect endothelial damage, we aimed to investigate their possible relationship with AECAs in SSc. We examined whether AECAs could affect endothelial repair based on the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).

Material and methods
Forty-seven SSc patients were screened. The AECAs were identified in serum by indirect immunofluorescence. EPCs and CECs were isolated from the peripheral blood using anti-CD34-based immunomagnetic separation, whereas EMPs were analyzed in plasma. Flow cytometry was used to quantify EMPs, CECs and EPCs.

Results
AECAs were found in 21 (44.7%) SSc patients and were significantly associated with higher levels of total as well as apoptotic (AnnV+ and CD51+) EMPs, whereas activated (CD62E+/AnnV–) EMPs did not differ between groups. Patients with AECAs had significantly elevated total CECs as well as activated CD105+ CECs. Total endothelial progenitors did not differ between patients with or without AECAs; however AECAs was negatively associated with the population of EPCs that express VEGFR2 or Tie2 receptors.

Conclusions
We found an association between AECAs and the severity of endothelial damage in SSc based on higher levels of total EMPs and CECs. In our study, AECAs were associated with apoptosis of ECs rather than their activation. We also identified a possible role of AECAs in the impairment of vascular repair in SSc as evidenced by significantly fewer angiogenic EPCs.

keywords:

anti-endothelial cell antibodies, endothelial cells, endothelial microparticles, systemic sclerosis

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