eISSN: 2083-8441
ISSN: 2081-237X
Pediatric Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
1/2021
vol. 27
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Birth weight for gestational age, recovery of growth and anthropometric profile of pre-school children born full term: a follow-up study

Louise P.M. Cunha
1
,
Ana Cecília Santiago
1
,
Thaís Florence
2
,
Mariana Costa
1
,
Sandra Valois
1
,
Crésio Alves
1
,
Hugo Júnior
1

1.
Medical School, Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
2.
Nutrition School, State University of Bahia, Brazil
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2021; 27 (1): 26–31
Online publish date: 2021/02/11
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Being born small for gestational age (SGA) implies an increase in the childhood morbidity and mortality rates, in addition to being related to changes in the pattern of growth and body composition, which may be associated with the development of risk factors linked to metabolic diseases. Aim of the study: To describe the development of anthropomorphic indicators of children born at full term, small (SGA) or appropriate for gestational age (AGA), up to the sixth month of life, and again when they reached school-age.

Material and methods
This was a prospective cohort study, with 31 children (19 SGA, and 12 AGA), recruited in public maternity hospitals. Subsequently they were attended at an outpatient clinic on a monthly basis, by a multidisciplinary team in the first year of life. These children were re-evaluated when they reached school-age.

Results
Both groups showed high percentages of exclusive breastfeeding in the first months of life. Group SGA showed intense early recovery of the growth indicators, characterizing recovery of growth in the first 6 months of life. However, at school-age, they were still smaller, lighter, with a lower quantity of body fat and muscle mass than those born AGA. There was predominance of appropriate anthropometric growth and body composition indicators at school-age, even in Group SGA. Conclusion: At school-age, the children of this study showed no major alterations related to anthropometry.

keywords:

birth weight, low birth weight newborn, growth, nutritional recovery, body composition

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe