eISSN: 2083-8441
ISSN: 2081-237X
Pediatric Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
1/2021
vol. 27
 
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Artykuł oryginalny

Urodzeniowa masa ciała względem wieku ciążowego, przyspieszenie wzrostu i profil antropometryczny dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym urodzonych o czasie – badanie obserwacyjne

Louise P.M. Cunha
1
,
Ana Cecília Santiago
1
,
Thaís Florence
2
,
Mariana Costa
1
,
Sandra Valois
1
,
Crésio Alves
1
,
Hugo Júnior
1

1.
Medical School, Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
2.
Nutrition School, State University of Bahia, Brazil
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2021; 27 (1): 26–31
Data publikacji online: 2021/02/11
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Introduction
Being born small for gestational age (SGA) implies an increase in the childhood morbidity and mortality rates, in addition to being related to changes in the pattern of growth and body composition, which may be associated with the development of risk factors linked to metabolic diseases. Aim of the study: To describe the development of anthropomorphic indicators of children born at full term, small (SGA) or appropriate for gestational age (AGA), up to the sixth month of life, and again when they reached school-age.

Material and methods
This was a prospective cohort study, with 31 children (19 SGA, and 12 AGA), recruited in public maternity hospitals. Subsequently they were attended at an outpatient clinic on a monthly basis, by a multidisciplinary team in the first year of life. These children were re-evaluated when they reached school-age.

Results
Both groups showed high percentages of exclusive breastfeeding in the first months of life. Group SGA showed intense early recovery of the growth indicators, characterizing recovery of growth in the first 6 months of life. However, at school-age, they were still smaller, lighter, with a lower quantity of body fat and muscle mass than those born AGA. There was predominance of appropriate anthropometric growth and body composition indicators at school-age, even in Group SGA. Conclusion: At school-age, the children of this study showed no major alterations related to anthropometry.

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