eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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vol. 23
Original paper

Body mass index and nipple preservation are major contributors to satisfaction and aesthetic outcome rates after implant-based immediate breast reconstruction

Stanislavs Ukleikins
Arvids Irmejs
Ansis Gilis
Elina Tauvena
Jelena Maksimenko
Genadijs Trofimovics
Janis Gardovskis

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2019; 23 (2): 96-99
Online publish date: 2019/06/13
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Immediate breast reconstructions (IBR) have become an integral part of modern breast cancer management. However, in a small breast unit the spectrum of methods used for IBR could be limited, which could result in poorer results in some cases. The aim of the study is to evaluate the patient satisfaction and aesthetic outcome results in a breast unit where only implant-based IBR were performed.

Material and methods
During 2009–2016, 64 cases of implant-based IBR were performed in the university hospital. 55 patients completed the questionnaire and 38 underwent evaluation by a plastic surgeon. 33 skin-sparing and 22 nipple-sparing mastectomies were included. The study included 30 two-stage expander/implant and 25 direct-toimplant IBR cases.

Overall satisfaction was reported by 89% of respondents. 93% were satisfied with appearance in clothes and 82% with appearance in a bra. There was a significant difference with satisfaction in nude appearance between groups with a removed (3%) and a spared nipple (46%). The plastic surgeon evaluated overall outcome as satisfactory in 61% and poor in 39%. Spearman coefficient showed a moderate negative correlation between body mass index (BMI) and aesthetic outcome (p = 0.02), as well as BMI and volume differences between breasts (p = 0.03). Patients evaluated their breast symmetry as satisfactory in 55%, and the plastic surgeon concluded the same in 55% of 38 cases.

Most of the patients were satisfied with the aesthetic outcome of IBR. Nipple preservation considerably improved satisfaction rates. However, implant-based IBR revealed suboptimal cosmetic results in the subset of cases with increased BMI and other IBR methods should be considered in those cases.


immediate breast reconstruction, immediate breast reconstruction, breast cancer

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