eISSN: 2084-9842
ISSN: 1643-9279
Postępy w chirurgii głowy i szyi/Advances in Head and Neck Surgery
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2/2015
vol. 14
 
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abstract:

Characteristics of the sensorimotor coordination in the swallowing process

Andrzej Obrębowski

Online publish date: 2015/12/23
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The swallowing requires coordinated interaction of many muscles, with different innervation, to form and carry a bite passing from mouth to stomach. There are tree swallowing phases: oral, pharyngeal and esophageal. The mechanism that protects the airways from the food aspiration is occlusion of the larynx during the pharyngeal phase. The crico-pharyngeal muscle plays crucial role in the functional of upper esophageal sphincter. The swallowing process is influenced by many brain centers including the cerebral cortex.
keywords:

the swallowing phases, mechanism of the larynx closure, the upper esophageal sphincter, swallowing centers in the central nervous system

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