eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2014
vol. 18
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Comparison of HER2 status by fluorescence in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry in gastric cancer

Ming Chen, Yan Li, Zhou Ming, Ai Biao

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2014; 18 (2): 95–99
Online publish date: 2014/03/21
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Aim of the study: To investigate the differences and relevance, and to evaluate the clinical significance of fluorescence in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in detecting HER2 in gastric cancer tissues.

Material and methods: The expression of HER2 protein and the amplification of the HER2 gene in 118 gastric cancer tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridisation, respectively.

Results: Using IHC, we found that in 40 cases (33.9%) the HER2 expression was at level 0, in 33 cases (28.0%) the HER2 expression was at level 1+, in 16 cases (14%) the HER2 expression was at level 2+, and in 29 cases (25.6%) the HER2 expression was at level 3+, respectively. Using the FISH test, 38 of 118 cases (32.2%) were judged as positive results. The concordance rate between the results of IHC and FISH in all cases was 85.6%. The concordance rate of IHC and FISH was high in cases of HER2 expression at level 0, 1+ and 3+ according to IHC, but low in cases of 2+ according to IHC (43.8%).

Conclusions: Immunohistochemistry cannot predict HER2 gene amplification accurately. The FISH test should be executed in IHC 2+ cases.
keywords:

immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridisation, gastric cancer, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2

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