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ISSN: 1505-8409
Przewodnik Lekarza/Guide for GPs
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3/2007
vol. 10
 
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abstract:

Diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines in urticaria

Wiesław Gliński, Wojciech Silny, Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Marek Jutel, Tadeusz Płusa, Waldemar Placek

Przew Lek 2007; 3: 14-24
Online publish date: 2007/05/11
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Urticaria is characterized by a complex and diverse aetiology. It is an easy disease to diagnose but identification of elicitating factors as well as treatment present a great challenge for physicians. Each individual patient requires the whole panel of diagnostic procedures including specific provocations, selected according to the clinical characteristics of the case. The first line therapeutic approach is composed of avoidance of triggering factors and treatment of any associated diseases. Symptomatic pharmacological treatment with second generation antihistamines presenting antiinflammatory properties and low adverse effect profile is effective in most patients. In severe nonresponding cases higher doses of antihistamines (up to fourfold) should be applied before switching to selected alternative medications. It should be stressed that systemic treatment with corticosteroids or cyclosporin A because of their unfavourable adverse effect profile is reserved only for severely affected patients.
keywords:

urticaria, diagnostics, therapy

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