eISSN: 2450-5722
ISSN: 2450-5927
Journal of Health Inequalities
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2/2020
vol. 6
 
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abstract:
Original paper

E-cigarette use among Polish students: findings from the 2016 Poland Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Kinga Janik-Koncewicz
1, 2
,
Mark Parascandola
3
,
Jacqueline Bachand
4
,
Mateusz Zatoński
1, 2, 5
,
Krzysztof Przewoźniak
6, 7
,
Witold Zatoński
1, 2

1.
Institute – European Observatory of Health Inequalities, Calisia University, Kalisz, Poland
2.
Health Promotion Foundation, Nadarzyn, Poland
3.
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
4.
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Monitoring, Office of Policy Development and Research, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, USA
5.
Tobacco Control Research Group, Department for Health, University of Bath, UK
6.
Maria Skłodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology Center, Warsaw, Poland
7.
Collegium Civitas, Warsaw, Poland
J Health Inequal 2020; 6 (2): 95-103
Online publish date: 2020/12/30
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Use of e-cigarettes has increased dramatically in recent years around the world. The aim of this study is to provide comprehensive national estimates of e-cigarette and tobacco use among Polish youth.

A national, representative school-based cross-sectional survey among students was conducted in 2016 in Poland within the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, using a standard self-administered questionnaire, sample design and data collection protocol. A total of 5,154 eligible students (51.6% boys and 48.4% girls) aged between 11-17 years completed the survey. Among them 26.9% (31.5% of boys and 21.8% of girls) were current (use at least once in the past 30 days) e-cigarette users and 20.5% (21% of boys and 19.9% of girls) were current cigarette smokers. Fourteen percent of students were dual users of conventional cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Both cigarette and e-cigarette use increased with age, rural residence, having more pocket money, and having parents or close friends who smoke. There was also a strong correlation between use of conventional cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Current e-cigarette use was 68.7% among current cigarette smokers, while current cigarette use was 54.8% among current e-cigarette users.

Daily cigarette smoking among youth has decreased substantially in Poland from 24% in 1998 to 4.8% in 2016 in boys, and from 14.4% to 3.6% in girls. However, the rapid rise in e-cigarette use poses a potential danger of reversing the tobacco use trend. Continued monitoring is needed to track the use of e-cigarettes and their impact on conventional cigarette use among youth in Poland.
keywords:

e-cigarettes, GYTS, youth, tobacco smoking, prevalence, Poland

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