eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2020
vol. 16
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Female gender and the clinical and periprocedural profile and clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation: experiences of a tertiary Polish centre

Krzysztof Wilczek
1
,
Piotr Chodór
2
,
Maciej Dyrbuś
3
,
Michał Hawranek
1
,
Łukasz Włoch
2
,
Łukasz Pyka
1
,
Tomasz Hrapkowicz
4
,
Michał Zembala
4
,
Zbigniew Kalarus
2
,
Mariusz Gąsior

1.
3rd Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
2.
Department of Cardiology, Congenital Heart Diseases and Electrotherapy, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases in Zabrze, Poland
3.
Student Scientific Society, 3rd Department of Cardiology, School of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
4.
Department of Cardiac, Vascular, and Endovascular Surgery and Transplantology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 4 (62): 436–443
Online publish date: 2021/01/05
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Despite the establishment of multiple factors influencing short- and mid-term outcomes in patients treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), the real-world data on the association between gender and outcomes after TAVI remain conflicting.To evaluate the association of female gender with the clinical and periprocedural characteristics along with in-hospital, short- and medium-term outcomes of patients treated with TAVI in comparison with male patients.

Material and methods
Data from the prospective, single-centre registry of consecutive patients with severe AS referred for TAVI from 26 November 2008 to 31 December 2018 were analysed retrospectively. The study population comprised 275 patients who were divided by gender. The primary endpoint of the study was all-cause mortality at 1 year.

Results
Women constituted 132 (48.0%) of the overall population. Women were significantly older, but had a significantly higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and had less frequently undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) before TAVI. The implantation success rate was comparable between genders, but women less frequently required implantation of a pacemaker after TAVI, although they more frequently required blood transfusion due to severe bleeding. The primary endpoint occurred in 13.6% of women and 7.7% of men (p = 0.12).

Conclusions
Despite advanced age and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, the overall short- and medium-term mortality in patients treated with TAVI in our analysis of the real-world population remains relatively low. Although women seemed to have a slightly better clinical baseline profile, their in-hospital, 30-day, 6-month and 12-month outcomes did not differ significantly from the male patients.

keywords:

mortality, gender differences, aortic stenosis, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, midterm outcome

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe