eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2018
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Improvement of physical capacity in patients undergoing transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects

Paweł Prochownik
,
Tadeusz Przewłocki
,
Piotr Podolec
,
Piotr Wilkołek
,
Bartosz Sobień
,
Urszula Gancarczyk
,
Natalia Podolec
,
Monika Komar

Adv Interv Cardiol 2018; 14, 1 (51): 90–94
Online publish date: 2018/03/22
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Introduction
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly diagnosed in adults. It often remains asymptomatic until the fourth or fifth decade of life. Significant left-to-right interatrial shunting is associated with the risk of heart failure, pulmonary hypertension and atrial fibrillation. Percutaneous ASD closure is a recognized method of treatment.

Aim
To evaluate the clinical outcomes and physical capacity in patients undergoing transcatheter closure of ostium secundum ASD.

Material and methods
One hundred and twenty adult patients (75 females and 45 males) with a mean age of 43.1 ±13.3 (17–78) years who underwent transcatheter device closure of ostium secundum ASD were analyzed. Clinical evaluation and transthoracic color Doppler echocardiographic study were repeated in all patients before as well as 1 and 24 months after the procedure. To assess the physical capacity symptom-limited treadmill exercise tests with respiratory gas-exchange analysis were performed in all patients before the procedure and after 24 months of follow-up.

Results
The devices were successfully implanted in all patients. During 24 months of follow-up all patients showed significant clinical and spiroergometric improvement of exercise capacity, and a significant decrease of right heart chamber overload features on echocardiography.

Conclusions
Transcatheter closure of ASD in patients with significant shunt resulted in significant clinical and hemodynamic improvement regardless of the baseline functional class.

keywords:

atrial septal defect, transcatheter closure, echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise test

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