eISSN: 1733-7607
ISSN: 1733-4101
Leczenie Ran
Current issue Archive About the journal Editorial board Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures

2/2021
vol. 18
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Levels of pain, anxiety, and depression in patients with peripheral arterial disease

Renata Piotrkowska
1
,
Piotr Jarzynkowski
1
,
Ada Wołowik
2

1.
Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Chirurgicznego, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny
2.
Klinika Kardiochirurgii i Chirurgii Naczyniowej, Uniwersyteckie Centrum Kliniczne w Gdańsku
LECZENIE RAN 2021; 18 (2): 29–34
Online publish date: 2021/06/28
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Pain, anxiety and depression are factors that influence the treatment process and the quality of life of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Anxiety-depressive disorders can be a consequence of chronic pain. Aim: Assessment of the intensity of pain, anxiety, and depression in patients with PAD.

Material and methods
The study was conducted among 62 patients with PAD treated at the Department of Cardiac Surgery and Vascular Surgery of the University Clinical Centre in Gdańsk. The study used the method of diagnostic survey with the use of standardized research tools: The McGill Pain Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Modified (HADS-M), and visual analogue scale (VAS). A proprietary questionnaire was developed to collect socio-demographic data.

Results
The conducted research has shown that the level of depression in the respondents increases with increasing pain (rHO = 0.30, p < 0.05). Significant differences in pain intensity were found depending on the stage of the disease (F (3.58) = 2.78, p < 0.05). In subjects with higher levels of pain and depression, weak and strong opioids were the most commonly used treatment. With increasing anxiety (rHO = 0.49, p < 0.001) and depression (rHO = 0.35, p < 0.05), the level of irritation increased among the subjects.

Conclusions
In the studied group of patients, the level of pain increased with the advancement of PAD, and the level of depression in the respondents increased with the increase in pain intensity. In the care of patients, measures should be taken to assess the level of pain, anxiety, and depression because this allows for the identification of patients with disorders and the planning of therapeutic, preventive, and educational activities.

keywords:

peripheral arterial disease, pain, anxiety, depression

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe