eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Addendum Special Issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2020
vol. 24
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Overweight is associated with better prognosis in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with bevacizumab plus FOLFOX chemotherapy

Bożena Cybulska-Stopa
1
,
Iwona Ługowska
2
,
Rafał Wiśniowski
3
,
Małgorzata Domagała-Haduch
1
,
Marcin Rajczykowski
4
,
Karolina Piejko
1
,
Ilona Bar-Letkiewicz
5
,
Rafał Suwiński
4
,
Krzysztof Regulski
6
,
Jacek Mackiewicz
5, 7, 8

1.
Clinical Oncology Clinic, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Cracow Branch, Crakow, Poland
2.
Department of Soft Tissue/Bone Sarcoma and Melanoma, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Warsaw, Poland
3.
Clinical Oncology Department, Beskid Oncology Center, Bielsko-Biała, Poland
4.
2nd Department of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland
5.
Department of Diagnostics and Cancer Immunology, Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poznan, Poland
6.
Department of Applied Computer Science and Modelling, AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland
7.
Department of Medical and Experimental Oncology, Heliodor Świecicki University Hospital, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
8.
Department of Biology and Environmental Studies, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2020; 24 (1): 34-41
Online publish date: 2020/03/30
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Introduction
Previous studies showed that high and low body mass index (BMI) was associated with worse prognosis in metastatic CRC (mCRC). Whether BMI is a prognostic or predictive factor in mCRC is unclear. We aimed to assess efficacy outcomes according to BMI in patient with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with bevacizumab plus FOLFOX chemotherapy regimen in second-line treatment.

Material and methods
The analysis of 237 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with bevacizumab plus FOLFOX in the second line (treated from January 2014 to August 2018) in 4 reference oncological centers in Poland.

Results
The median age of the patients was 65 years (range 34–82). The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the all 237 patient was 14.6 and 8.8 months, respectively. Comparison of obese patient (BMI > 30 kg/m2) vs. overweight patients (BMI ≥ 25 to < 30 kg/m2) vs. normal BMI range patients revealed a significant improvement of median OS (17.5 vs. 14.3 vs. 13.1 months, p = 0.01) and median PFS (9.4 vs. 9.1 vs. 7.3 months, p = 0.03). The Cox hazard model showed that the BMI class is an important risk factor. However, the Cox model also showed that the significance of the BMI class applies only to patients with BMI < 25 kg/m2. This rule applies to both OS and PFS. The regression analysis also confirmed that there is a statistically significant relationship between the length of OS and PFS and the BMI value. Higher BMI was associated with a better prognosis. There were no differences in responses to treatment bevacizumab and FOLFOX chemotherapy and number adverse events according to BMI values.

Conclusions
Patients with mCRC treated with chemotherapy with bevacizumab in second-line treatment with higher BMI compared with normal weight patients have better prognosis in terms of PFS and OS. In this group, we found no evidence of changes in safety profile depending on BMI. Nevertheless, further large randomized studies are needed to assess the body weight on the effectiveness of chemotherapy in combination with bevacizumab.

keywords:

metastatic colorectal cancer, obesity, bevacizumab, body mass index, time to progression

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