eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2012
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Predictions of cancer incidence in Wielkopolska in 2018

Dariusz Godlewski, Piotr Wojtyś, Andrzej Antczak

Wspolczesna Onkol 2012; 16 (1): 38–43
Online publish date: 2012/02/29
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Aim of the study: The cancer incidence in Wielkopolska in 2008 was one of the highest in the country and was higher than in Poland by 21% in men and by 14% in women. We can quantify the future burden of cancer from two different perspectives: the number of new cancer cases due to population change and new cases due to risk change. Making predictions of number of new cancer cases in Wielko­polska in 2018.

Material and methods : These projections of number of cancer cases, age specific rates and age-standardized rates for 2018 (all cancers and the most frequent cancers for men and women) has been based on the historical trends of cancer incidence in Wielkopolska in 1999-2008 and demographical prognosis of Central Statistical Office using the method of Hakulinen and Dyba.

Results : There will be over 8000 new cancer cases in men in Wielkopolska in 2018 and over 7000 in women. Compare to the period 2004-2008 the number of cancer cases will increase by 45% for men and by nearly 30% for women. About 2/3 of the increase in Wielkopolska is predicted to be connected with demography change, 1/3 with risk change.

Conclusions : The predicted increase of number of cancer cases in Wielkopolska in 2018 will be the result of: changes in the population (bigger impact of the older age groups), an influence of the risk factors (mainly smoking) and a participation in the screening programs.
keywords:

cancer, incidence, predictions, demography, risk

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