eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
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vol. 6

Preliminary results of prognostic significance of proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in advanced primary larynx carcinomas and lymph node metastases

Krzysztof Kupisz
Andrzej Stepulak
Małgorzata Zdunek
Janusz Klatka

Arch Med Sci 2010; 6, 1: 65-70
Online publish date: 2010/03/09
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Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in laryngeal carcinoma in relation to clinicopathological features. Special emphasis was placed on examining the relationship of PCNA expression in the primary tumour and PCNA expression in corresponding lymph node metastases obtained from the same patients.
Material and methods: The study included 60 patients with advanced larynx carcinoma who had received treatment and follow-up for at least 5 years. Sixty laryngeal carcinoma specimens and metastatic lymph nodes from 24 patients were examined for immunohistochemical PCNA expression.
Results: The percentages of PCNA positive cells were significantly higher in the primary tumours which developed lymph node metastases than in those without metastases. The fraction of PCNA immunolabelled cells in metastatic lymph nodes increased significantly when compared with the PCNA positive cell score in their corresponding primary tumours obtained from the same patient. There was a significant difference in PCNA index score in primary tumours between the group of patients who survived a 5-year period and those who died within 5 years after treatment.
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that a high proliferation index in primary larynx tumours is retained and increased in corresponding lymph node metastases. Measurement of the fraction of cancer cells stained for PCNA in primary larynx carcinomas can be helpful in selecting tumours with high aggressiveness potential that are more likely to develop neck metastases and thereby in identifying patients who need elective lymph node dissection or additional treatment.

proliferating cell nuclear antigen, larynx cancer, metastases

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