eISSN: 2299-8284
ISSN: 1233-9989
Nursing Problems / Problemy Pielęgniarstwa
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1/2019
vol. 27
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Quality of life of intestinal stoma patients

Małgorzata E. Starczewska
,
Joanna Kaczmarek
,
Anita Rybicka
,
Anna Knyszyńska
,
Mirosława Pankiewicz
,
Joanna Błażejewska
,
Marcin Sygut
,
Anna Jurczak

Problemy Pielęgniarstwa 2019; 27 (1): 38–44
Online publish date: 2019/04/09
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Introduction
Intestinal stoma patients require special care from a whole team of specialists. Their quality of life is determined by new everyday routines and the necessity to adapt to new life situation.

Aim of the study
To evaluate the quality of life in patients with intestinal stoma, taking into account socioeconomic factors and the length of time since the surgery.

Material and methods
The study involved 100 primary health care patients and members of Polish Stoma Association undergoing long-term or palliative treatment at home. This survey-based study was carried out using our self-developed questionnaire and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey.

Results
The highest quality of life was reported in the domain of limitations connected with emotional state. Statistically significant correlations were observed between the age of respondents, the length of time following the stoma formation, and the evaluation of their quality of life using the SF-36 (p < 0.005). Statistically significant factors also included: education, marital status, and sources of income (p < 0.005). No statistically significant correlation was found between the quality of life and place of residence.

Conclusions
Patients’ quality of life is related to their marital status. Special care should be provided to elderly patients with lower education and lower financial status. Another group of patients who require special care are those with the stoma created recently, because they tend to evaluate their quality of life much lower than those who have been living with a stoma for a longer period of time.

keywords:

quality of life, stoma, patient

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