eISSN: 2449-6731
ISSN: 2449-6723
Prenatal Cardiology
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Review paper

Recommendations for fetal echocardiography in twin pregnancy in 2016

Katarzyna Leszczyńska
Krzysztof Preis
Maria Respondek-Liberska
2, 3
Maciej Słodki
3, 4
Dennis Wood
Stuart Weiner
Ulli Gembruch
Giusseppe Rizzo
Reuven Achiron
Jay D Pruetz
Mark Sklansky
Bettina Cuneo
Birgit Arabin
Isaac Blickstein

  1. Department of Obstetrics, Medical University of Gdansk, Poland
  2. Department of Diagnoses and Prevention Fetal Malformations, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
  3. Department of Prenatal Cardiology, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Lodz, Poland
  4. Institute of Health Sciences, The State School of Higher Professional Education in Płock, Poland
  5. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  6. Thomas Jefferson University and Hospitals, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  7. Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, University Bonn Medical School, Bonn, Germany
  8. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Università Roma Tor Vergata, Ospedela Fatebenefratelli Isola Tiberina, Rome, Italy
  9. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center Tel-Hashomer, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
  10. Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
  11. Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
  12. Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Then Fetal Heart Program, Colorado Fetal Care Center, Colorado Institute for Maternal Fetal Health, Children’s Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA
  13. Center for Mother and Child, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany
  14. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaplan Medical Center, 76100 Rehovot and the Hadassah-Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Prenat Cardio 2016 Jan; 6(1):6-15
Online publish date: 2019/08/20
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Progress in the fields of fetal cardiology and fetal surgery have been seen not only in singleton pregnancies but also in multiple pregnancies. Proper interpretation of prenatal echocardiography is critical to clinical decision making, family counseling and perinatal management for obstetricians, maternal fetal medicine specialists, neonatologists and pediatric cardiologists. Fetal echocardiography is one of the most challenging and time-consuming prenatal examinations to perform, especially in multiple gestations. Performing just the basic fetal exam in twin gestations may take an hour or more. Thus, it is not practical to perform this exam in all cases of multiple gestations. Therefore our review and recommendations are related to fetal echocardiography in twin gestation.

fetal echocardiography, twin pregnancy, TTTS, TRAP, TAPS, SIUGR

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