eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Addendum Special Issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2019
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Six fractions weekly as accelerated fraction radiotherapy: Is it applicable for nasopharyngeal cancer? A review

Arundito Widikusumo
,
Schandra Purnamawati

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2019; 23 (3): 127-132
Online publish date: 2019/10/30
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Standard therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is concurrent chemoradiation. Nevertheless, therapeutic outcomes are often unsatisfactory particularly for locally advanced stage. To enhance the therapeutic outcome, we may consider using altered fraction radiotherapy. Altered fraction radiotherapy is divided into two large groups for the therapy of NPC: hyperfraction radiotherapy and accelerated fraction radiotherapy. One of the accelerated fraction regimens suitable for NPC therapy is an accelerated regimen of six radiotherapy fractions weekly. This regimen is considered safe whether using conventional 2D planning technique or advance technique. Response to radiotherapy is better owing to the decrease in overall treatment time (OTT). Furthermore, acute or late side effects for this therapy are not very different to those of standard therapy. The conclusion is that we recommend the use of an accelerated regimen of six radiotherapy fractions weekly for locally advanced stage NPC with contraindication to concurrent chemoradiation, due to the high degree of clinical outcome as well as better tolerated side effect for NPC patients, particularly for those with locally advanced stage NPC.
keywords:

NPC, locally advanced stage, six fractions weekly, OTT, chemoradiation

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