eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2020
vol. 37
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Treatment of haemangiomas using propranolol in paediatric patients: a retrospective cohort study

Przemysław Gałązka
1
,
Weronika Bereźnicka
1
,
Kamil Leis
1
,
Patryk Kaczor
1
,
Irena Daniluk-Matraś
1
,
Rafał Czajkowski
2
,
Iwona Bolewicz-Planutis
3

1.
Department of General and Oncological Surgery for Children and Adolescents, Antoni Jurasz University Hospital No. 1 in Bydgoszcz, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
2.
Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine, Ludwik Rydygier Medical College in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
3.
Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Cardiology, Paediatric Provincial Hospital, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2020; XXXVII (4): 603-607
Online publish date: 2020/09/02
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Introduction
Haemangioma, one of the most common benign neoplasms of early childhood, is a significant clinical problem due to cosmetic reasons but also because of possible health complications.

Aim
Presentation of the method and results of treatment of infantile haemangiomas (IHs) using propranolol in a maximum dose of 3 mg/kg/day.

Material and methods
: In 2013 to 2018 there were 108 patients with IHs multidisciplinary diagnosed and treated. 77 of them were girls and 31 were boys; all were between the ages of 2 and 21 months (mean: 6.87 months). Lesions were most often located in the head region (n = 73). The main imaging study assessing the arteriovenous flow was USG, which was used to assess the size of haemangioma and its regression or progression. Also, coagulation parameters were analysed using laboratory tests.

Results
Reduction of lesions occurred in 103 of 108 patients, which results in a percentage score above 95. In 19 patients, after completion of treatment, there were abnormalities of coagulation in laboratory tests whereas before the treatment, these abnormalities occurred in 82 patients. The average duration of treatment was longer than 12 months and the maximum dose of propranolol of 3 mg/kg/day was achieved after 3 to 5 months of treatment. Side effects occurred totally in 19 patients, with night anxiety and nightmares being the most common.

Conclusions
After achieving the maximum dose of the drug later than recommended in the Recommendation of the Polish Haemangioma and Vascular Malformations Group criteria, there was no need for longer therapy, while the effectiveness of the treatment remained unchanged. Side effects that occurred were not life-threatening or detrimental to the health of patients.

keywords:

haemangioma, propranolol, b-blocker

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