eISSN: 1689-1716
ISSN: 0324-8267
Archiwum Medycyny Sądowej i Kryminologii/Archives of Forensic Medicine and Criminology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2017
vol. 67
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Usefulness of post mortem computed tomography versus conventional forensic autopsy of road accident victims (drivers and passengers)

Artur Moskała
,
Krzysztof Woźniak
,
Piotr Kluza
,
Karol Romaszko
,
Oleksiy Lopatin

Arch Med Sąd Kryminol 2017; 67 (2): 91–103
Online publish date: 2017/11/21
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Aim of the study: Deaths of in-vehicle victims (drivers and passengers) of road accidents represent a significant group of issues addressed by forensic medicine. Expressing opinions in this regard involves first of all the determination of the cause of death and the forensic pathologist’s participation in the process of road accident reconstruction through defining the mechanism of bodily harm. The scope of the opinion as well as its accuracy and degree of detail largely depend on the scope of forensic autopsy. In this context, techniques that broaden the capabilities of standard autopsy are of particular importance. This paper compares the results of post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) of road accident victims (drivers and passengers) against the results of standard examination in order to determine the scope to which PMCT significantly enhances autopsy capabilities.

Material and methods: The analysis covers 118 in-vehicle victims (drivers and passengers) examined from 2012 to 2014. In each case, post-mortem examination was preceded by PMCT examination using Somatom Emotion 16 (Siemens AG, Germany).

Results: The results are presented in a tabular form.

Conclusions: In most road accident victims (drivers and passengers), post mortem computed tomography significantly increases the results’ degree of detail, particularly with regard to injuries of bones and gas collections.
keywords:

road accidents, forensic medicine, post mortem computed tomography

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