eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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vol. 16
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An atypical manifestation of primary cardiac tumor in a young patient

Michał Chyrchel
Bernadeta Chyrchel
Artur Dziewierz
Agnieszka Rożanowska
Ewa Czestkowska
Andrzej Surdacki
Dariusz Dudek

2nd Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Students’ Scientific Group at the 2nd Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 1 (59): 110–111
Online publish date: 2019/12/25
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A 31-year-old male patient was admitted to a tertiary hospital due to chest pain, dyspnea, fever, and cough lasting a week before admission. The patient reported a respiratory tract infection a month earlier. On admission an elevated level of leukocytes up to 6.80 × 109/l and C-reactive protein up to 105.2 mg/l were found. On chest X-ray enlargement of the heart was observed with no abnormalities in ECG (Figure 1 A). As in the echocardiography a significant amount of fluid was found in the pericardium an initial diagnosis of pericarditis was established. The patient was successfully treated pharmacologically and after nine days was discharged home in good condition. He was scheduled for rheumatology consultation. After 2 weeks, in control echocardiography no abnormalities were found. However, after 3.5 months, he was admitted again due to severe dyspnea and atypical chest pain. On X-ray, the presence of many circular lesions in both lungs was confirmed. Also, in the echocardiogram a large tumor in the right heart ventricle was observed (Figure 1 B). Chest computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of the tumor of the right heart and metastatic lesions in both lungs (Figure 1 C). The patient was transferred to the reference center for further assessment and treatment. Control echocardiography, CT, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as well as positron emission tomography (PET) scans were performed to confirm expansion of the tumor within the heart walls (Figures 1 D, E). Coronarography was done to visualize potential connections between coronary arteries and tumor vessels (Figure 1 F). The myocardial biopsy confirmed the presence of angiosarcoma of the heart. The patient was discussed by the Heart Team and, at that stage, was disqualified from surgery. He was scheduled for palliative chemotherapy with doxorubicin (75 mg/m²). Echocardiographic follow-up was performed every 3 weeks before each cycle of chemotherapy, but only a small reduction in the size of the tumor was observed (Figure 1 G). Due to the limited response to chemotherapy, the patient was disqualified from surgery again. In the control CT scan, progression of tumor growth with numerous metastatic lesions in the lungs was observed (Figure 1 H). Gradual worsening of symptoms was observed, and the patient died 7 months after the diagnosis.
Primary heart tumors are relatively rare and only 25% of heart tumors are malignant (mostly represented by angiosarcoma) [1]. Heart angiosarcoma...

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