eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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vol. 16
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COVID-19 mimicking ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Kamil Bujak
Anna Kazik
Michał Wróbel
Jacek Piegza
Andrzej Lekston
Mariusz Gąsior

3rd Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 2 (60): 213–215
Online publish date: 2020/05/28
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A 71-year-old woman with a history of previous left anterior descending artery (LAD) angioplasty, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 13 years earlier (treated medically), and hypertension, presented with persistent, midsternal, non-radiating chest pain for several hours, and was admitted to our center during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Poland. She was transported to our hospital by emergency medical service after electrocardiogram (ECG) e-transmission, which demonstrated ST-segment elevation in inferior leads, and ST depression, and inverted T waves in V1-3 (Figure 1 A). During the transport to the hospital, she was started on a loading dose of ticagrelor and unfractionated heparin. On arrival, she was afebrile; blood pressure was 140/95 mm Hg, and heart rate was 88/min. She denied dyspnea and cough. However, the patient and other members of her family had influenza-like symptoms for 2 weeks prior to admission. She was brought to the catheterization laboratory immediately, where coronary angiography was performed and revealed non-obstructive coronary artery disease and no in-stent restenosis in the LAD (Figures 1 B, C). After the procedure, the patient was transferred directly to the department dedicated to patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 at our center. The initial and subsequent high-sensitivity troponin I levels were negative. C-reactive protein and D-dimer levels were mildly elevated, whereas other blood test results, including complete blood count, were within the normal range. Transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated preserved left ventricular ejection fraction of 50% with inferior and septal hypokinesis. A chest X-ray showed no pulmonary opacities (Figure 1 D). Due to previous influenza-like symptoms, a nasopharyngeal swab (PCR testing) was performed and was positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Considering that the patient’s status was good with only mild symptoms, she was discharged from the hospital and transferred to the isolation unit on the third day of admission.
The current COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented and challenging situation for all medical specialties. While most patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection present with respiratory symptoms, cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 are also observed in a substantial proportion of patients and are usually associated with poor prognosis [1, 2]. In the cohort of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in...

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