eISSN: 1897-4252
ISSN: 1731-5530
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska/Polish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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2/2016
vol. 13
 
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abstract:

Catamenial pneumothorax – a review of the literature

Tomasz Marjański
,
Katarzyna Sowa
,
Aleksandra Czapla
,
Witold Rzyman

Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska 2016; 13 (2): 117-121
Online publish date: 2016/07/03
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Catamenial pneumothorax should be defined as recurrent accumulation of air in the pleural cavity in reproductive-age women without concomitant respiratory diseases. The sine qua non criterion is the occurrence of the pneumothorax in the period of 72 hours before or after the menses. Additional criteria include characteristic pleural lesions, right-sided occurrence, and coexistence of endometriosis. There are no radiological or pathological conditions allowing an exact confirmation of catamenial pneumothorax. In the case of catamenial pneumothorax, treatment failure most commonly consists in disease recurrence. It may occur even as late as several years after the initial treatment. The recurrence rate in patients undergoing surgery ranges from 8% to 40%. Finding and resecting the visible pleural lesions is of key importance during surgical treatment. Reconstruction of the diaphragm must be performed in every patient in whom diaphragmatic perforations are found. Hormonal therapy seems to be effective in sustaining the effects of surgical treatment.
keywords:

pneumothorax, catamenial pneumothorax, videothoracoscopy, endometriosis

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