eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Circulating biomarkers as predictors of left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction

Michał Węgiel
1
,
Tomasz Rakowski
1

1.
2nd Department of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 1 (63): 21–32
Online publish date: 2021/03/27
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Introduction
The main impact of myocardial infarction is shifting from acute mortality to adverse remodeling and chronic left ventricle dysfunction. Several circulating biomarkers are explored for better risk stratification of these patients. Biomarker testing is a very attractive idea, since it is non-invasive, not operator-dependent and widely available. Aim: In the present paper we analyze data from the years 2005–2020 about circulating biomarkers of remodeling after myocardial infarction.

Material and methods
We assessed 53 articles, which examined 160 relations between biomarkers and remodeling. We analyze inclusion criteria for individual studies, time points of serum collection and remodeling assessment as well as imaging methods.

Results
The main groups of assessed biomarkers included B-type natriuretic peptides, markers of cardiomyocyte injury and necrosis, markers of inflammatory response, markers of extracellular matrix turnover, microRNAs and hormones. The most common method of remodeling assessment was echocardiography and the most frequent time point for remodeling evaluation was 6 months.

Conclusions
The present analysis shows that although a relatively large number biomarkers were tested, selecting one ideal marker is still a challenge. A combination of biomarkers from different groups might be appropriate for predicting remodeling. Data presented in this analysis might be helpful for designing future studies, evaluating clinical use of an individual biomarker or a combination of different biomarkers.

keywords:

myocardial infarction, remodeling, biomarkers, narrative review, combined biomarker testing

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