eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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2/2021
vol. 74
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Comparative analysis of oral health outcomes for five-year-old children (SOHO-5) scale and early childhood oral health impact scale (ECOHIS) in Chilean’s preschoolers

Valeria Campos
1
,
Carla Bastías
2
,
Marcos Orellana
2
,
Karen Sáez
2
,
Ricardo A. Cartes-Velásquez
3

1.
School of Health Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile
2.
School of Dentistry, Universidad Bolivariana, Chile
3.
Department of Public Health, Fundación Kimntrum, Chile
J Stoma 2021; 74, 2: 110-115
Online publish date: 2021/06/14
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Introduction
Scale of oral health outcomes for five-year-old children (SOHO-5) and early childhood oral health impact scale (ECOHIS) has been validated for Chilean population; however, there is no clarity which scale has a better performance and discriminant validity for caries. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare SOHO-5 (parental version and child’s self-reports) and ECOHIS in a sample of Chilean preschoolers.

Material and methods
121 pairs were selected from the Pablo Neruda School in Curanilahue, Chile. Collection of dmft/DMFT indices, socio-demographic data, and application of instruments were performed in the facilities of the school. Parents answered ECOHIS and SOHO-5p (parental version), and children answered SOHO-5c (child’s self-reports). Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used for statistical analysis.

Results
SOHO-5p and ECOHIS were strongly correlated. Moreover, SOHO-5p and ECOHIS could discrimi­nate between preschoolers with and without severe caries. In contrast, SOHO-5c did not correlated with SOHO-5p, nor ECOHIS. In addition, SOHO-5c could not distinguish between the presence and absence of severe caries among the sample.

Conclusions
ECOHIS and SOHO-5p were both significantly correlated with OHRQoL among preschoolers. However, SOHO-5c did not correlate with any of the variables studied, nor with SOHO-p or ECOHIS. ECOHIS showed a greater discrimination with the oral health status of preschoolers, as measured by the presence of severe caries.

keywords:

ECOHIS, SOHO-5, oral health, quality of life, children

 
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