eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Addendum Special Issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 25
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Contrast-enhanced spectral mammography without and with a delayed image for diagnosing malignancy among mass lesions in dense breast

Akmaral Serikovna Ainakulova
1, 2
,
Zhamilya Zholdybay Zholdybay
1
,
Dilyara Radikovna Kaidarova
1, 2
,
Natalya Igorevna Inozemtceva
2
,
Madina Orazaykyzy Gabdullina
1
,
Zhanar Kabdualievna Zhakenova
1
,
Alexandra Sergeevna Panina
1, 2
,
Dias Kairatovich Toleshbayev
1, 2
,
Jandos Mukhtarovich Amankulov
1, 2

1.
Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
2.
Kazakh Institute of Oncology and Radiology, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2021; 25 (1): 17-22
Online publish date: 2021/04/06
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Introduction
To analyse the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) based on morphologic and enhancement patterns of mass lesions in dense breast using different protocols: CESM without delayed image and CESM with delayed image.

Material and methods
A total of 151 informed women with suspicious for malignancy mass lesions in dense breast were included in this study. All of them underwent CESM using 2 protocols. A total of 155 lesions were pathomorphologically verified. We analysed morphologic patterns on low-energy (LE) images and recombined images (RI) by defining the shape, margin, and dynamic patterns based on delayed images.

Results
The comparative analysis revealed that the shape and margins on RI were more significant than those on LE images. The dynamic indicators of CESM were found to be highly significant in dense breasts. The correlation between kinetic curve and histological results demonstrated that a persistent type of curve was common for benign lesions, accounting for 15/22 (68.1%); plateau and washout – for malignant lesions, accounting for 24/89 (26.9%) and 61/89 (68.5%), respectively. Delayed image leads to an increase of specificity up to 12.4%, which is statistically significant. The area under the curve (AUC) in CESM with delayed image is larger than that in CESM without delayed image (p < 0.01).

Conclusions
CESM is sensitive for the differential diagnosis of breast lesions. CESM with delayed image has higher specificity than CESM without delayed image. Delayed images with plateau and washout are typical for malignancy.

keywords:

breast lesions, breast cancer, contrast-enhanced spectral mammography, dense breast

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