eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2020
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Coronary interventions via radial artery without pre procedural routine use of spasmolytic agents

Tomasz Bochenek
1
,
Michał Lelek
1
,
Małgorzata Kowal-Kałamajka
1
,
Błażej Kusz
1
,
Jan Szczogiel
1
,
Andrzej Jaklik
1
,
Tomasz Roleder
2
,
Katarzyna Mizia-Stec
1

1.
First Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
2.
Regional Specialist Hospital, Research and Development Center, Wroclaw, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 2 (60): 138–144
Online publish date: 2020/06/23
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Introduction
Radial access reduces the number of vascular complications. Radial artery spasm (RAS) can be prevented by the use of spasmolytic agents. However, use of these drugs can be possibly limited to certain groups of patients.

Aim
To assess the feasibility and safety of coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions through the radial artery without the routine use of spasmolytic agents.

Material and methods
A group of 293 patients (M/F 180/113, mean age: 67 ±10 years) who underwent coronary angiography and interventions through the radial artery approach was studied. Spasmolytic agents were applied in case of RAS. Every patient had ultrasound assessment of the radial artery on the next day to assess its diameter and detect occlusion.

Results
RAS was observed in 55 patients (18.8%, M/F 28/27) and radial artery occlusion (RAO) in 47 (16%, M/F: 24/23) cases. RAS was followed by RAO in 17 cases, which constituted 17/55 (30.9%) of all RAS. Two patients had symptomatic occlusion, which required prolonged anticoagulation with complete restoration of patency. The RAS was higher in prolonged procedures (angiography time 32.6 ±12.8 vs. 29 ±13.5 min, p = 0.03; intervention time 40 ±23.5 vs. 26.3 ±25 min, p = 0.0035) and was dependent on time of the local pressure (7.5 ±2.3 vs. 6.5 ±2.8 h, p = 0.03). The RAO increased proportionally to the number of catheters used (p = 0.01) and was dependent on time of the local pressure (8.6 ±3.5 vs. 6.4 ±2.7 h, p < 0.001).

Conclusions
Our study showed that angiography and interventions without routine use of spasmolytic agents were feasible and safe. RAS and RAO are related to independent risk factors and comparable to data from the literature when spasmolytics were used.

keywords:

percutaneous, occlusion, spasm

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