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Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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Artykuł oryginalny

Diagnostic value of optimised real-time sonoelastography in the assessment of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B and C

Katarzyna Kalita
,
Krzysztof Filipczak
,
Małgorzata Bieńkiewicz
,
Wojciech Deroń
,
Zbigniew Deroń
,
Anna Piekarska
,
Anna Płachcińska
,
Jacek Kuśmierek

Data publikacji online: 2016/07/22
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Aim: To optimise the method of real-time elastography (RTE) in the assessment of liver fibrosis using an in-house prepared method for elastogram analysis, as well as a semiquantitative analysis based on newly introduced parameters.

Material and methods: Sonoelastography was performed in 94 patients with various degrees of liver fibrosis and also in 25 healthy volunteers. As a reference method for diagnostic efficacy of sonoelastography-based parameters used for the assessment of fibrosis degree in patients with chronic B and C hepatitis, a liver biopsy was used. Patient’s elastograms were analysed using in-house prepared software, Pixel Count, calculating two semiquantitative parameters: mean stiffness fraction (MSF%) and intrinsic stiffness ratio (ISR).

Results: Statistically significant differences between distributions of the above presented parameters for different degrees of liver fibrosis were revealed. Indices of diagnostic efficacy for detection of significant liver fibrosis (F ≥ 2) using MSF% amounted to: sensitivity – 76%, specificity – 87% and ISR: 81% and 87%, respectively. Sensitivity of both parameters in detection of cirrhosis (F = 4) was equal to 88% and specificity amounted to: for MSF% – 84% and ISR – 86%. Interobserver reproducibility determined for both of the above parameters was high, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were 0.91 for MSF% and 0.93 for ISR.

Conclusions: Real-time elastography applied in this study, using in-house prepared Pixel Count software, provided good reproducibility and diagnostic efficacy, especially specificity, in the assessment of liver fibrosis degree.
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