eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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3/2016
vol. 69
 
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abstract:

Ectodermal dysplasia with anodontia – case report

Jerzy Błaszczak
1
,
Agnieszka Skawińska
2
,
Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak
3

1.
Chair and Department of Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
2.
Chair and Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
3.
Chair and Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Online publish date: 2016/09/05
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Ectodermal dysplasia is caused by genetic anomalies, which can be inherited through parents or gene mutations. Both modes of inheritance (recessive and dominant) have been described. The X-linked pattern of inheritance is also possible. Ectodermal dysplasia is characterized by abnormalities in the tissues of ectodermal origin. The anomalies can be particularly evident in skin, nails, hair and teeth. Aim of the study. To present a case report of a child suffering from ectodermal dysplasia with total anodontia. Materials and method. The study presents prosthetic treatment of a 3-year-old male patient with anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia and complete anodontia. The treatment of choice was preparation of complete maxillary and mandibular dentures. This method provided proper development of mastication, speech and acceptable appearance. Complete dentures were prepared. Instructions on the use of prostheses and oral hygiene maintenance were given to the parents. Results. After a few weeks, the boy was completely adapted to using the dentures. Conclusion. Clinical knowledge of craniofacial development and growth is necessary for the treatment of patients with ectodermal dysplasia. The multidisciplinary team approach is required.

 
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