eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2021
vol. 17
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

FOXO1 and ANGPT2 relative gene expression in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction among patients with or without type 2 diabetes

Tomasz Skowerski
1, 2
,
Katarzyna Nabrdalik
2
,
Hanna Kwiendacz
2
,
Maciej Pajak
3
,
Andrzej Ochała
4
,
Katarzyna Mizia-Stec
5
,
Zbigniew Gąsior
1
,
Janusz Gumprecht
2

1.
Department of Cardiology, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
2.
Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetology and Nephrology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
3.
Roslin Institute, Midlothian, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
4.
Division of Cardiology and Structural Heart Diseases Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
5.
First Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 2 (64): 187–192
Online publish date: 2021/07/09
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
It is well known that chronic hyperglycemia or chronic inflammation leads to both FOXO1 and Ang-2 gene (ANGPT2) expression induction in endothelial cells. ANGPT2 and FOXO1 relative gene expression in peripheral blood cells in diabetes and myocardial ischemia were not researched extensively.

Aim
Our objective was to evaluate ANGPT2 and FOXO1 gene expression in peripheral blood cells in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), both with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and compare them to the results obtained from T2DM and control subjects.

Material and methods
This was a multi-center, prospective study of 138 NSTEMI patients with/without T2DM, T2DM and a control group. FOXO1, ANGPT2, TBP (TATA box binding protein – as a reference gene) gene expression levels in peripheral blood cells were measured in each patient. Electrocardiography and echocardiography with assessment of ejection fraction (EF) were performed. Patients with NSTEMI underwent urgent (< 24 h) coronarography and the SYNTAX score and GRACE 2.0 score were calculated.

Results
The ANGPT2 gene relative expression in buffy coat in the analyzed samples was very low and detectable only in 11 patients from all groups (8.66% of all patients). The level of FOXO1 gene relative expression was significantly higher in patients with NSTEMI (median relative expression = 1.39) than in non-NSTEMI patients (median = 1.09) (W = 1578, p < 0.05) regardless of the presence of T2DM. The FOXO1 gene relative expression was not correlated with GRACE 2.0 score or SYNTAX score of NSTEMI patients. We did not observe any significant change in FOXO1 gene expression after successful angioplasty.

Conclusions
On the basis of our results we can conclude that analyzing the ANGPT2 gene relative expression in peripheral blood cells has no role in assessment of CAD complexity among patients with and without T2DM. FOXO1 gene relative expression in blood peripheral cells is elevated in patients with NSTEMI regardless of the presence of T2DM. FOXO1 expression does not decrease after successful percutaneous coronary intervention and is not correlated with the severity of CAD in patients with NSTEMI.

keywords:

angiopoietin-2, diabetes, foxo-1, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe